Who Built the Egyptian Pyramids?

Ancient Egyptian history is ripe with mummies, pharaohs, mythology and pyramids. It’s also intertwined with biblical history. Yet some scholars claim that biblical history clashes with modern archaeology; therefore, they conclude, the Bible must be wrong.

An article written in DiscoverMagazine.com illustrates this quite well. They are emphatic that slaves did not build the pyramids. Nonetheless, the Bible records both the arrival of the Israelites in Egypt, their time there, and their exodus. And while the Bible doesn’t explicitly state that Israelite slaves built any of the pyramids, it does mention they built the Egyptian cities of Pithom and Ramses (Exodus 1:11), and the stone they used is consistent with the brick used to build the pyramids. So, while it’s reasonable to infer that they were involved in pyramid building, we cannot state this as fact.

The author claims the best evidence suggests that paid workers built the pyramids- NOT slaves. But how can they be so certain? Because archaeologists studied the tombs and other artefacts of those who built the pyramids and concluded that the tombs couldn’t be those of slaves, but of local peasants.

The article goes on to explain why so many people wrongly think the pyramids were built by slaves, and they pin the blame on three sources: the Greek historian Herodotus, the Bible, and Hollywood.

According to Herodotus, who spent time in Egypt, he described the builders of the pyramids as slaves. But the author explains that Herodotus cannot be believed because he lived thousands of years after the pyramids were built. Really? If the historian Herodotus can be dismissed because he wasn’t alive when the pyramids were being built, then surely we can dismiss modern archaeologists by the same standard, as they weren’t alive when the pyramids were built either. And while Herodotus wasn’t able to study the tombs as modern archaeologists have, he would have had access to information modern archaeologists don’t (information that has since been destroyed), and those who were alive at the time would have had better knowledge of the events, and they wouldn’t have known how controversial and political this subject would become. So the rationale for denying Herodotus seems weak and biased.

Next the author attacks biblical history, specifically the book of Exodus, which records how the Israelites served as slaves. The author seems to suggest that the Bible shouldn’t be believed because some modern Egyptians are critical of the narrative. But whether or not some modern Egyptians disagree with the Bible is not evidence… it’s more bias.

Lastly, Hollywood gets some of the blame, especially Cecil B. DeMille for his film, The Ten Commandment, for depicting these events.

The author goes on to claim that archaeologists have never found any evidence supporting the Israelites being imprisoned in Egypt, and even if they had been, modern archaeologists believe the Israelites first appeared AFTER the last pyramid was built, so they couldn’t have been involved in their construction.

I would argue, however, that the Bible’s recorded history serves as sufficient evidence for the Israelites being enslaved in Egypt because it has a reliable track record. So why do some archaeologists deny this? I’d suggest they’re looking in the wrong place and time. And maybe their anti-Bible bias serves as a real barrier to their recognition.

It has long been known that the modern archaeological ages for ancient Egypt are inflated and in need of revision. So when archaeologists consider the Israelites living in Egypt, they’re looking in the wrong time period. Other archaeologists- like A.R David- have found evidence of slaves suddenly disappearing, just as it’s recorded in the Bible. Further, I’ve outlined much of the evidence in previous articles, including the documentary, “Patterns of Evidence”. The book, Unwrapping the Pharaohs is another good source.

The bottom line is that serious anti-Biblical bias exists, and those who exhibit this want to prove the Bible wrong. Yet when the Bible is used as foundational evidence, we’re able to find lines of evidence consistent with the Bible.

I’m familiar with many archaeologists who believe the Bible is a remarkably accurate and reliable source. Let me close with this quote from Yale Professor Millar Burrows: “On the whole, however, archaeological work has unquestionably strengthened confidence in the reliability of the Scriptural record. More than one archaeologist has found his respect for the Bible increased by the experience of excavation in Palestine….Archaeology has in many cases refuted the views of modern critics. It has shown, in a number of instances, that these views rest on false assumptions and unreal, artificial schemes of historical development. This is a real contribution and not to be minimized.

5 thoughts on “Who Built the Egyptian Pyramids?

  1. I was watching a documentary and there is some tablets in a museum wrongly labelled but if looked at in the context they tell the story of Moses etc. and they are thousands of years old. Its my view that there was a belief that high points was the place you can find God. We are so far removed from the days when God visited people. Moses on the mountain Jesus having the transfiguration on a mountain (a old volcano) and may other examples even Jerusalem being a high place where Abraham almost sacrificed his son.
    High places are also a place to see. They can give you advantage. There is also the thought that electricity comes from the sky.. And there was the tower of babble attempting to reach God. Its my view that the city of God in revelations (1500 miles cubed) is the size of the moon and where the garden of Eden is. Numerous times people dealt with “aliens” of a sort including Jesus going up into the heavens.. I believe that city existed back then and long before and there has been roomers as to people in the sky but most of it was lost, but not all of it. The bible records some.. Lord open their eyes..

    flying chariots going into nowhere makes no sense. Jesus going up to nowhere makes no sense. I think the Egyptian Pyramids are the actions of a novice thinking they may have a means to reach God.

    • Thanks, I agree with you about the high places. I think they’re symbolic for being closer to God, and there may be more than just symbolism. Jesus often taught from the mountain tops and would go there to pray. Satan tempted Jesus from a high mountain. The 12 disciples were appointed on a mountain. And as you mentioned, the transfiguration took place on a high mountain. Now I find it interesting to speculate what the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, will look like, but I honestly don’t spend much time on it. I try to make as much sense of it as I can, but I’ve heard so many different views that I haven’t taken a stance.

      • Well, I think that I have some scientific evidence about the Holy City, the New Jerusalem. I also think I found some evidence about Jesus walking on water.

        People many times miss what is right in front of their faces. Like the Moon. there is no reasonable reason why it has a orbit. Same with the Sun and stars being connected. I think that the “strong and weak force” are not caused by force particles. The Idea of Force particles makes no sense.. Instead, a tether ball style connection makes sense. So I see a lines of force that make each atom look like a porcupine and that these lines of force accumulate and add up to long strings that end up connecting all the way out into the stars. Obviously there is some North and South sort of thing going on. I have a few points not worth explaining here but it led me to figuring out how one might do space travel and why the moon has its orbit and the possibility of invisible seat belts that put force against your body like “inertial dampeners” in star trek but more realistic and basic by using lines of force. I have been working on some experiments trying to sort out the details but I think that the science is behind me and so is the bible. There are clues right in front of our faces. But i cant say the rest… Exodus 24:10….

  2. Lehner let the geology of the plateau guide his search. Guessing at the location of the harbor, he surmised where the delivery route to the pyramids must have run. Logically, the settlement for workers should be to the south-southeast, he thought, and in fact, at precisely that location, at the mouth of the wadi that divides the plateau, a towering stone wall, called in Arabic “the wall of the crow,” loomed above the sand. In Lehner’s home state of North Dakota, he says, the ancient masonry would have drawn attention and eventually been designated a national monument. But in Egypt, with its hieroglyphics, “gold bowls, and mummies,” the wall was virtually ignored.

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